The town is located on the southernmost tip of the Istrian peninsula and, descending into the blue-green sea, offers a spectacular sight. Its 30km of coastline, pristine bays, and beaches, desert islands, unique flora, and breathtaking landscapes turn this place into a one-of-a-kind destination.
This area has some of the cleanest waters in the Mediterranean. Due to its typical Mediterranean-style architecture, Premantura gives the impression of a sleepy seaside town braving the sea winds. In the town center, there is the bell tower of the Church of St. Lovro, named after the patron saint of Premantura, which is visible from the sea and has served for centuries as a landmark for fishermen and sailors.
The history of Premantura dates back to the distant past. Traces of dinosaurs dating 70 million years back found on the nearby Fenoliga Island, as well as the millenia-old ruins of buildings stretching across the peninsula are evidence of the presence of ancient life on Istria.
Because of its location, natural treasures, and openness of its inhabitants, Premantura is a perfect destination for those who want an active holiday in the unique environment.
Cape Kamenjak, 9.5 km long, is a protected landscape, which in addition to stunning coastline, extending 30 kilometers, which reveals larger and smaller intimate coves, with extremely clear sea, is also known for over 570 plant species, of which 30 are on the list of endangered species. Among them there are 20 species of orchids, some of which are endemic.
In front of the Cape Kamenjak rises Porer, a lighthouse, built in 1833, on 80 m wide cliff, where those who want to experience peacefull, and unique Robinson-like holiday, may stay. Premantura, with an exceptionally clear sea and winds that are kissing its coast, is a haven for windsurfers, while its seabed, rich with fish, shallows, underwater cliffs and sunken ships, lures every diver.
There is no place else where the sunset achieves such beauty, or the moon river poures with such passion on the bright nights. Premantura offers an unforgettable getaway, that feeds the senses, charges the body with new energy, and awakens the spirit.
Dinosaur traces, found on the islet Fenoliga in 1975., most likely belonged to the theropod, ornithopod, and one type of sauropod dinosaurs. They are dating back to the Cretaceous period, between 65 and 70 million years of age. Premantura was, in ancient times, known as Capo di Pola, and in the 1st century, Roman Pomponio Mela, named it Promunturium Polaticum, from where its present name originates. According to findings, Premantura was inhabited 4,000 years ago. Three hill-forts were found, where life continued after the Roman occupation, when it was spreading along the coast. From that period, along with the buildings, the monuments with Greek and Latin inscriptions, and a bronze statue of Minerva have been found. During the Roman Empire, along with Pomer, it belonged to Pula, and then, in the 5th century, came under the possession of Vescovi, and after that, in the 8th century, Premantura belonged to the Sergi family. It came under the Venetian rule in 1331.
In 1585., first immigrants from Dalmatia, specifically from Zadar arrived in Premantura, exiled by the Turkish invasion. The church, dedicated to St. Lorenzo, was built from 1632 to 1664. It is assumed that it was built on the foundations of the church of St. Nikola, from the mid-15th century. Nearby is the valley, which was named Runtian or Runtianum. At the place of that settlement, in the Middle Ages, a village was built, named Ronzano and later Ronzi, today called Runke, which Uskoks completely destroyed in the 17th century, after they had pillaged it, as well as the church dedicated to St. Martin, in a bay of the same name. From the period of Austro-Hungarian rule, several military facilities are still standing.
In the depths of a deep bay, shielded from cold winds and lulled to sleep in the shade of trees, lies the humble town of Pomer. Quiet, relaxed and wistful, Pomer is the place where memories come flooding back, brought back to its coast with every breaking wave. The sea is undoubtedly the prime attraction of this little paradise. The Romans were the first to appreciate the beauty of this bay, as well as its advantages. They named the town Pomoerium, and built their famous baths, luxurious villas, and a harbour here.
This old fishing town has embraced the modern nomads exploring the ancient Mediterranean world, its customs and its beauty. Due to its allure, the Pomer marina is familiar to many sailors who keep coming back here.
For active lifestyle devotees, Pomer offers a variety of sports, including windsurfing, volleyball, cycling, etc. With its friendly locals, excellent food and wine, a gentle breeze, and peace disturbed only by the sound of waves, Pomer is a place that is really worth a visit.
In prehistoric times, a settlement was located nearby, a hillfort, whose inhabitants built pile dwellings on the territory of present-day Pomer. Its true emergence Pomer owes to the Roman rule, namely to the powerful Roman Aranum family. They named it Pomoerium, and here built a luxury spa, aqueduct, luxurious villas, and facilities for the production of oil, wine and fruits of the earth.
After the fall of Rome, during the reign of the Byzantine Empire in the 6th century, a large early Christian basilica was built, at the site of the Roman villa. According to some records, several stone sarcophagus were also found here. Around the 12th century, a Benedictine abbey was built here, which was abandoned in the 14th century.
Then the place was called Fontanelle di S.Giovanni (Springs of St. John) because of the springs of drinking water that exist, even today, on the coast. In 1149, Pomer fell under the Venetian rule, where it remained until the end of the 18th century. Wars and disease greatly reduced the population, so by the end of the 16th century, the population was settled here, first from Bologna and then from the Balkans.
In the early 19th century, it fell briefly under the French rule, which soon became replaced by the Austro-Hungarian rule, during which Pomer was experiencing progress. After the World War 1, it fell under the rule of Italy, which lasted until the arrival of the Germans during the World War 2. The end of the war marked the liberation of Pomer, and its annexation to the former Yugoslavia, and finally, in 1991, Pomer became a part of Croatia.